QUALITY OF BEETROOT WITH CYLINDRICAL FORM OF ROOT DEPENDING ON THE VARIETY FOR GROWING WITHOUT IRRIGATION

Keywords: beetroot, cylindrical root, variety, marketability, chemical composition, quality, without irrigation

Abstract

The aim of the research. To study the influence of variety characteristics on yield and quality indicators of beetroot for cultivation without irrigation. Methods: field, laboratory, method of mathematical statistics. Results. Varietal features determine the ability to form marketable products: marketability of beetroot was at the level of 66–75 %. Analysis of variance found that this ability of the studied varieties is natural, because it does not exceed the norm of reaction. More marketable products were formed by Rival and Atoman varieties, and the smallest – Carilon. It should be noted that more homogeneous roots formed varieties Opolsky, Rival and Carilon, which by 97–99% belonged to the first commodity variety. The weight of the root was in the range of 101–305 g, depending on the varietal characteristics. According to the chemical composition of the studied varieties of cylindrical beetroot, it is impossible to single out the best for all the components determined in the roots. Their content varied depending on the variety: dry matter – 13,6–19,8 %, dry soluble matter – 9,2–13,7 %, total sugar content – 4,49–6,03 %, monosaccharides – 0,36–0,60 %. However, beetroot are a unique vegetable in terms of betanin content. In the roots of the studied varieties, its content ranged from 179,68 to 654,78 mg/100 g. The highest content of betanine was characterized by Atoman, and the lowest – Carillon. The difference between these two varieties in terms of betanin reached 73 %. Analysis of variance showed that the degree of variation in the content of betanin by varieties is significant. Therefore, it allows producers to select the appropriate varieties or hybrids to provide the population with products, as well as the food industry with raw materials high in betanin. Conclusions. The influence of varietal characteristics of beetroot on yield and formation of highquality root crops for cultivation without irrigation has been studied.

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Published
2022-07-25
How to Cite
Pusik, L., & Bondarenko, V. (2022). QUALITY OF BEETROOT WITH CYLINDRICAL FORM OF ROOT DEPENDING ON THE VARIETY FOR GROWING WITHOUT IRRIGATION. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (71), 59-66. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2022-71-59-66