INVESTIGATION OF ALLELOPATHIC INFLUENCE ON SWEET POTATO PLANTS OF MAIN WEEDS AND AGRICULTURAL PLANTS

  • O. V. Kuts Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2053-8142
  • A. V. Yakovchenko Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
  • S. V. Semenenko Donetsk Research Station of the Institute of Vegetable and Melon growing of NAAS of Ukraine
  • I. I. Semenenko Donetsk Research Station of the Institute of Vegetable and Melon growing of NAAS of Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6485-0077
  • O. I. Yakovchenko Donetsk Research Station of the Institute of Vegetable and Melon growing of NAAS of Ukraine
  • V. V., Kokoyko National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine
  • N. V. Hulyak National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine
  • V. M. Suchkova National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: sweet potato, weeds, multicultural agrocenoses, allelopathy, biometric parameters

Abstract

Goal. The aim of the study was to establish the allelopathic effect on sweet potato plants of related agricultural plants and the main weed species for the conditions of the Left Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Methods. The research was conducted during 2019-2021 at the Institute of Vegetable and Melon NAAS by laying vegetation experiments in sand culture. The main species (Schiritsa ordinaria, Setaria viridis, Galinsoga parva-flora, Ragweed pauci-floris, Hortus portulaca, Absinthium slide, Absinthium austrian) and the main species of agricultural plants that can be used to form multicultural crops were used in the research for the production of washes and extracts. with sweet potato (Solanum lycopersicum, Brassica oleracea var. capitata, Allium cepa, Mentha, Helianthus annuus, Medicago sativa). Results. Most of the weeds of vegetable agrocenoses of the Left Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine (garden purslane, common sagebrush, green mouse, smallflowered galinsoga, Austrian wormwood, bitter wormwood), with the exception of ragweed are allelopathically active against sweet potato plants. Treatment by weeding of these weeds causes a decrease in the total mass of sweet potato plants by 1.34–4.38 times (leaf mass decreased by 1.3–2.61 times, stem mass by 1.37–6.36 times, root mass by - 1.41–6.6 times), reduction of plant height by 7–47% and the number of internodes by 5–57% relative to control. Treatment by weeding of these weeds causes a decrease in the total mass of sweet potato plants by 1.34–4.38 times (leaf mass decreased by 1.3–2.61 times, stem mass by 1.37–6.36 times, root mass by - 1.41–6.6 times), reduction of plant height by 7–47% and the number of internodes by 5–57% relative to control. Treatment with weed extracts causes a 1.31-3.7-fold reduction in plant weight, a 23-55% reduction in plant height, and a 17-52% reduction in internodes. High levels of negative allelopathic action are characterized by washing of tomatoes and alfalfa, extracts of white cabbage, tomatoes and alfalfa, causing a decrease in plant weight by 1.7-5.92 times, a decrease in plant height by 22.2-57.2% and the number of internodes at 16.4–56.1%. Washes of sage and sunflower cause a stimulating effect on the growth of sweet potatoes and the formation of additional internodes.

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Published
2022-07-25
How to Cite
Kuts, O., Yakovchenko, A., Semenenko, S., Semenenko, I., Yakovchenko, O., Kokoyko, V., Hulyak, N., & Suchkova, V. (2022). INVESTIGATION OF ALLELOPATHIC INFLUENCE ON SWEET POTATO PLANTS OF MAIN WEEDS AND AGRICULTURAL PLANTS. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (71), 49-58. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2022-71-49-58

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