GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND YIELD OF TABLE BEETS USING WATER-CONTAINING GRANULES IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE RIGHT BANK

Keywords: variety, water-supported granules, table beets, interphase periods, yield, biometric parameters

Abstract

The aim of the research. The article considers and proves the influence of water-retaining granules on the passage of phenological phases of growth and development of table beet plants and their yield. In particular, it is proved that the use of water-retaining granules makes it possible to minimize the impact of the dry season on crop formation. Study of the influence of water-retaining granules on the growth, development and yield of table beets in the Forest-Steppe conditions of the Right Bank of Ukraine. Methods. Study of the influence of water-retaining granules on the growth, development and yield of table beets in the Forest-Steppe conditions of the Right Bank of Ukraine. Results. According to the results of research in 2018–2020, water-retaining granules created more favorable conditions for the growth and development of table beet plants and provided a yield of 73.4 and 85.8 t / ha. Findings. Water-retaining granules helped to reduce the interphase periods of table beet plants. Interphase period mass seedlings – the end of the growing season was shorter than the introduction of water-retaining granules for 4 days in both studied varieties. The highest yield was recorded for the introduction of water-retaining granules in pre-sowing cultivation, in particular in the variety Bordo Kharkivskyi by 23.0 t / ha, in the variety Opolskyi by 17.6 t / ha, respectively. The largest diameter of the root crop was observed in the Bordo Kharkivskyi variety – 7.4 cm. The application of granules increased the diameter of the root crop to 8.3 cm, which is 0.9 cm larger than the variant without granules and 3.5 cm larger than the Opolskyi variety with granules. The Opolskyi variety was characterized by a longer root crop. During the introduction of granules, a pattern of increasing the length of the root crop by 0.6 and 1.8 cm, respectively, was observed. The use of water-retaining granules also contributed to the increase in root mass, in particular in the Bordo Kharkivskyi variety it increased by 83 g, in the Opolskyi variety by 63 g, respectively.

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Published
2022-01-25
How to Cite
Palamarchuk, I. (2022). GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND YIELD OF TABLE BEETS USING WATER-CONTAINING GRANULES IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE RIGHT BANK. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (70), 45-52. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2021-70-45-52