CURRENT STATE OF APPLICATION OF BIOPREPARATIONS FOR POST-HARVEST PROCESSING OF FRUIT AND VEGETABLES

  • L. M. Pusik Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5465-2771
  • V. K. Pusik Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture
  • Y. А. Kryshtop Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture
  • V. А. Bondarenkо Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture
Keywords: biological preparations, bacterial and fungal antagonists, strain, microorganisms

Abstract

The purpose of the article. To analyze the current state of use of biological products for post-harvest processing of fruits and vegetables in order to reduce losses during storage. Results. The analysis of modern domestic and foreign scientific and patent literature shows that the main advantages of biologicals are that their use solves the problem of resistance of phytopathogenic microorganisms to chemicals, increases crop quality and reduces fertilizer consumption. Biologicals improve the field germination of seeds, morphobiological characteristics of seedlings during germination, leaf formation and the intensity of photosynthesis during seed development and maturation. Biological drugs include environmentally friendly drugs (substances produced by bacteria-antagonists do not contaminate the soil and crops) and have a specific effect (high efficiency against certain types of phytopathogenic microorganisms). Conclusion. Biologicals based on bacteria with different multifunctional action are characterized by high efficiency in the regulation of phytopathogenic microbiota both in agrocenoses and during storage, which helps to reduce the level of biological contamination of agroecosystems, potential bioecological risks in agroecosystems and improve crop quality. In many countries around the world, widespread research aimed at finding highly active strains of microorganisms to create biological preparations based on them. The use of such biologicals increases productivity, prolongs shelf life and delays the defeat of products by microbiological diseases. It is important to reduce fruit losses not only during refrigerated storage, but also during the pre-harvest period. Today, the problem of reducing fruit loss in the pre-harvest period is solved with the use of appropriate biological products. Methods of storing fruits and vegetables using biological films are still poorly understood. Compared to others, these methods are less cost-effective and more environmentally friendly.

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Published
2021-07-26
How to Cite
Pusik, L., Pusik, V., Kryshtop, Y., & BondarenkоV. (2021). CURRENT STATE OF APPLICATION OF BIOPREPARATIONS FOR POST-HARVEST PROCESSING OF FRUIT AND VEGETABLES. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (69), 120-130. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2021-69-120-130