THE WATERMELON SOURCE MATERIAL FOR SELECTION FOR COMPLEX DISEASE RESISTANCE

Keywords: watermelon, selection, source material, resistance, fusarium wilt, bacteriosis, plasticity, stability, selection value of genotype

Abstract

The aim of the research. To evaluate the source material of watermelon for resistance to major harmful diseases Methods. The object of research is 117 watermelon samples of different ecological and geographical origin. Max Plus variety and Kazka F1 hybrid were used as standards for selection evaluation of samples. The main element of accounting was the intensity of disease R (%) of each test sample. Immunological characterization of all watermelon breeding material for the complex of diseases was given to samples at the end of the phase of ontogenesis - mass fruit set. The following indicators were used to assess the parameters of adaptive capacity and ecological stability of selection samples: specific adaptive capacity of the genotype ( σ2 SACi); relative stability (Sgi); coefficient of environmental plasticity factor (bi); breeding value of the genotype (BVGi). Results. Phytopathogenic monitoring of watermelon crops in the Left-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine showed that among the identified pathogens are the most harmful fusarium wilt and bacteriosis. The Minimeloni sample was found to be the most resistant to the development of fusarium wilt and bacterial leaf spot (resistance score 9 of the immunological scale). To the group of practical resistance (resistance score 7 of the immunological scale ) to fusarium wilt samples include: Sugar baby (K 109243), Klondike RS 57 (K 108181), №7 Zx (K 108154), №9 (K 108178), Yellow miracle (K 108102), Solnishko (K 108136), Charleston Gray (K 108110), Costa Rica (K 108177), Thailand №1 (K 108153), Thailand №2 (K 108152), Max plus (standard 1), № 545 (K 104934), Sweet Scarlet (K 107902), Borisfen (K 108095), Barrel of honey (K 108099), Karapuz (K 108109), Lezheboka honey (K 108116), Striped side (K 107896), Snowball (K 108094 ), Spassky (K 108143), Tulip (K 108115), Favorite (K 108123), Photon (K 108096), Photon (K 108097), Whole-leaf (K 108101), Ash (K 105522), Oak (K 104928), Simarin (K 104149), Cesia (K 104931), Kazka F1 (standard 2), Meloun vodni F1, (K 108147), Sugar baby (K 107889) and Giselle (K 107616). Conclusions. The phytoimmunological characteristic of the selection sample of watermelon on the level of resistance to fusarium wilt and bacteriosis as the most harmful diseases of culture in the conditions of the left-bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine is received. Samples with high plasticity and stability on the basis of resistance to diseases in different conditions of the year were found. 20 genotypes with the highest selection value of the genotype were selected for further use in the selection process to create disease - resistant lines, varieties and hybrids.

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Published
2021-07-20
How to Cite
Linnik, Z., Chaiuk, O., Sergienko, O., & Onyshchenko, O. (2021). THE WATERMELON SOURCE MATERIAL FOR SELECTION FOR COMPLEX DISEASE RESISTANCE. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (69), 13-23. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2021-69-13-23