PRESERVATION OF SAMPLES OF SHALOT ONIONS

  • O. M. Bilenka Institute of Vegetable and Melon Growing of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4710-6772
  • I. M. Pidlubenko Institute of Vegetable and Melon Growing of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5703-3407
  • N. O. Kyriukhina Institute of Vegetable and Melon Growing of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8620-4316
  • Ye. M. Ilinova Institute of Vegetable and Melon Growing of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3658-1241
  • T. M. Horhan Institute of Agroecology and Environmental management of NAAS of Ukraine
Keywords: shallots, safety, shelf life, natural weight loss, sample, storage

Abstract

The aim. Evaluate the safety of the bulbs of the source and selection material of shallots and select samples with high safety parameters. Methods. Field, laboratory, calculation and analytical. The obtained experimental data were processed by the method of analysis of variance according to B.A. Dospekhov. The object of research were 23 collectible and 34 samples of shallots of hybrid origin. The standard variety is – Lira. Results. In the conditions of the eastern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine, the preservation of 23 collectible and 34 samples of shallots of hybrid origin was assessed. The study of the safety of bulbs of collection and selection forms of shallots showed that the main losses during storage were associated with weight loss and ranged from 5.1 to 31.1%, and the number of diseased bulbs was from 0.7 to 13.4 %. On average, according to 23 collection samples, the safety of shallots for 8 months of storage was 80.9%, weight loss was 14.5 %, and the number of diseased bulbs was 4.4%. According to the average data of the samples of hybrid origin (34 pcs.), The preservation was 82.4%, weight loss 11.3%, and the number of diseased bulbs was 5.5 %. In the collection nursery, 6 samples of shallots - D-120, Bonilla, D-127, D-131, D-125 and D-15 – were selected for use in breeding work according to the set of safety indicators. Among the samples of hybrid origin for the preservation of bulbs (85% or more) were allocated 12 numbers - D-92 (85.9%), D-97 (89.3%), D-79 (89.5%), D-147 (91.9%), D-82 (87.4%), D-50 (92.3%), D-122 (89.2%), D-73 (88.6%), D-166 (87.4%), D-169 (89.7%), D-170 (93.7%) and D-174/2 (92.7%). After the release of healthy bulbs after 8 months of storage, they exceeded the standard by 4.7–12.5%. Selected samples combined low weight loss (<10%) and a small number of diseased bulbs (< 10 %). Conclusions. In the conditions of the eastern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine, the preservation of 23 collection specimens and 34 forms of shallots of hybrid origin was assessed and promising ones for use in selection work were identified. According to the preservation (85% or more), low level of natural weight loss (<10%) and the number of diseased bulbs (<10%) were selected 6 collectible and 12 samples of shallots hybrid of origin.

References

Awale Degevione. (2011). Genetic Variability and Association of Bulb Yield and Related Traits in Shallot (Allium cepa var. Aggregatum Don.) in Ethiopia. URL: http://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijar..517.536 [in English].

Bilenka, O.M. (2019). Zberezhenist vykhidnoho materialu tsybuli shalot. Teoretychni i praktychni aspekty rozvytku haluzi ovochivnytstva v suchasnykh umovakh: materialy mizh. nauk.-prakt. konf. (sel. Selektsiine Kharkivskoi obl., 25 lypnia 2019 r.) IOB NAAN. Kharkiv: Pleiada, 2019, pp. 11–12 [in Ukrainian].

Dospekhov, B.A. (1985). Metodika polevogo opyta. [Methods of research work] Moskva: Ahropromyzdat, 351 p. [in Russian].

Ershov, Y.Y., Ahafonov, A.F. (1975). Sorta I sortovye populyatsii luka-shalota dlya selektsyonnykh tseley. [Shallot varieties and varietal populations for breeding purposes]. Tr. Po selektsii i semenovodstvu ovoshchnykh kultur. Moskov: VNIISSOK. T. 3, pp. 30–36 [in Russian].

Feldman, A., Husar, Z.D. (1973). Biologicheskaia kharakteristika sortov yuzhnoukrainskogo luka. [Biological characteristics of the varieties of South Ukrainian onion]. Konservnaia i ovoshchesushylnaia promyshlennost. № 4. 19 p. [in Russian].

Grinberg, Ye.G., Suzan, V.G. (2012). Luk shalot. Chelyabinsk-Yekaterinburg. Sad i ogorod. 36 p. [in Russian].

Grinberg, E.G. Luk-shalot na Urale i v Sibiri. Kartofel i ovoschi. Grinberg, Ye.G., Vanina, L.A. Zharkova, S.V. et al. (2009). Nauchnyye osnovy introduktsii, selektsii I agrotekhniki luka shalota v Zapadnoy Sibiri: Monografiya. [Scientific bases of introduction, selection and field management of shallot in Western Siberia]. Novosibirsk: Rosselkhozakademiya. Sib. otd-niye. 208 p. [in Russian].

Kazakova, A.A. (1978). Luk. [Onion]. Leningrad: Kolos, 268 p. [in Russian].

Kokareva, V. (1991). Aristokraticheskiy shalot. [Aristocratic shallot]. Priusadebnoye khazyaystvo. № 5, 28 p. [in Russian].

Koltunov, V.A., Boroday, V.V., GordIEnko, I.M. Efektyvnist zastosuvannia biopreparativ proty zbudnykiv zelenoii plisniavy ta shyikovoii gnyli tsybuli pri shtuchnomu zarazhenni. VIsnik HNAU. 2011. Vyp. 10, pp. 240–248 [in Ukrainian]

Korniyenko, S. I., Bilenka, O. M. Chernyshenko, T.V., Kovalenko, YE.M. (2013). Metodychni pidkhody do selektsiinoho protsesu ta nasinnytstva tsybuli shalot. [Methodical approaches to shallot breeding and seed production]. Kharkiv: TOV «VP «Pleyada». 27 p. [in Ukrainian].

Metodycheskye ukazanyya po selektsyy lukovykh kultur. [Guidelines for the selection of the onion crop]. (1989). Moskva: VNIISSOK. 64 p. [in Russian].

Pylypenko, V.O. (1982). Sortopolipshennia i selektsiia tsybuli v Krymu. [Variety improvement and selection of onion in the Crimea]. Ovochivnytstvo i bashtannytstvo. Kyiv: Urozhai. Vyp. 27, pp. 27–30 [in Ukrainian].

Shyrokiy unyfytsyrovanniy klassifykator SEV y Mezhdunarodniy klassifykator SEV luka repchatoho. (1980). Olomounts, 42 p. [in Russian].

Tkachenko, F.A. (1958). Otbor luka na soderzhaniye sukhikh veshchestv. [Selection of onions for dry matter content]. Biul. nauch.-tekhn. іnform. Ukraynskoho nauchno-issledovatelskoho instytuta ovoshchevodstva i kartofelia. № 4, 22 p. [in Russian].

Tkachenko, F.A. (1962). Selektsiia ovochevykh i bashtannykh kultur na Ukraini. [Selection of vegetable and melon crops in Ukraine]. Visnyk silskohospodarskoi nauky. Kyiv: Derzhavne vydavnytstvo silskohospodarskoi literatury Ukrainskoi RSR. № 8, 67 p. [in Ukrainian].

Tkachenko, F.A. (1969). Lezhkost luka repchatoho raznykh sortov. [Storability of the onion of different varieties]. Konservnaia y ovoshchesushylnaia promыshlennost. № 12, 23 p. [in Russian].

Tymchuk, V.M., Tymchuk S.M. (1996). Minlyvist osnovnykh biokhimichnykh oznak tsybuli ripchastoi ta yii vykorystannia v selektsii. [Variability of the main biochemical characteristics of onion and using it in the breeding]. Ovochivnytstvo i bashtannytstvo: mizhvidomchyi tem. nauk. zb. Kyiv: Urozhai. Vyp. 41, pp. 102–108 [in Ukrainian].

Vanina, L.A. (2004). Otsenka selektsionnogo materiala luka shalota i sozdanie vyisokoproduktivnih i ustoychivyih k osnovnyim vreditelyam i boleznyam sortov v usloviyah lesostepi Priobya: avtoref. na soiskanie nauch. stepeni kand. s.-h. nauk: 06.01.05 «selektsiya i semenovodostvo»; 06.01.11 «zaschita rasteniy» [in Russian].

Yureva, N. Lukovyie novinki. Priusadebnoe hozyaystvo.1998. № 8, 13 p. [in Russian].

Published
2021-07-20
How to Cite
Bilenka, O., Pidlubenko, I., Kyriukhina, N., Ilinova, Y., & Horhan, T. (2021). PRESERVATION OF SAMPLES OF SHALOT ONIONS. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (69), 6-12. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2021-69-6-12