SPECIES COMPOSITION OF HARMFUL ENTOMOFAUNA OF TABLE BEET IN POLISY OF UKRAINE

  • I. V. Kirichuk Institute of Plant Protection of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
  • G. M. Tkalenko Institute of Plant Protection of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
  • V. V. Ignat Institute of Plant Protection of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: beet, monitoring, density, species composition, pests, varieties

Abstract

The aim. To establish the species composition of harmful entomofauna of table beets in the Polissya region of Ukraine depending on the varietal characteristics of the culture and to identify the dominant species among them. Methods. Field, laboratory, mathematical and statistical, computational. Results. Based on long-term monitoring in the Polissya area of Ukraine, for the first time the species composition of harmful
entomofauna of table beet depending on the maturity of the cultivar was established, 9 dominant species were identified and their number was determined. It was investigated that in crops of table beets the most favorable conditions were for the development of such phytophages as beet bean aphid, the share of which in the species composition was 18,2 %, beet flea beetle – 7,8 %, beet fly – 3,4 %, noctuidae ( turnip moth – 5,8 %, marbled clover – 10,8%), click beetles (dark brown click beetle - 4,6, lined click beetle – 4,3 %, maybug – 4,6 %, carrion beetles dark – 0,3 % and millipede – 22,5 %. Conclusions. It was determined that in Polissya of Ukraine the taxonomic structure of the harmful entomocomplex was dominated by phytophages from the series Coleoptera (dark brown click beetle - Agriotes obscurus L., lined click beetle - Agriotes lineatus L., maybug - Melolontha melolontane March, beet flea beetle - Chaetocnema concinna March) - 34,3 %, Homoptera (beet bean aphid - Aphis fabae Scop.) - 17,1 %, Lepidoptera (turnip moth - Scotia segetum Schiff, marbled clover - Heliothis viriplaca Hfn.) - 16,3 % and Diptera (beet fly - Pegomyіa betae Curt.) - 6,3%. Among them are both polyphagous and specialized species. Of the Diplopoda class, millipede caused significant damage (Julida series - 22,5 %). It was investigated that early-ripening varieties of table beet were more populated by soil pests (larvae of click beetles in the number of 4 specimens/m2, maybug - 1,9 specimens/ m2, turnip moth - 2,4 specimens/m2); late ripening - pests of aboveground organs (beet flea beetle - 3,3 specimens/m2, beet fly - 1,3 specimens/plant, caterpillars marbled clover - 3,7 specimens/m2, beet bean aphid - 20,5 %).

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Published
2021-01-15
How to Cite
Kirichuk, I., Tkalenko, G., & Ignat, V. (2021). SPECIES COMPOSITION OF HARMFUL ENTOMOFAUNA OF TABLE BEET IN POLISY OF UKRAINE. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (68), 96-106. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2020-68-96-106