NEW BEE POLLITINATING HYBRID F1 GRERKIN-TIPE CUCUMBER FOR OPEN SOIL

Keywords: cucumber, breeding, bee pollinating, F1 hybrid, gherkin-type, yield, marketability, early ripening, economic effect

Abstract

The creation of new F1 cucumber hybrids contributes to the expansion of the domestic range of this crop and increase the supply of high quality gherkins, which leads to full satisfaction of the needs of the consumer market. The aim. To test new promising hybrids of F1 cucumber of own selection and to create a competitive bee-pollinated hybrid F1 of gherkin-type cucumber: early-ripening, female-type flowering, with high marketability of fruits, relatively resistant to downy mildew and bacteriosis, suitable for processing. Results. The results of testing of new hybrid combinations F1 of gherkin-type cucumber are given and the characteristic on the main valuable economic features is given. According to the analysis of phenology observations, it was noted that the studied hybrids belong to the group – early ripening (41-43 days). In terms of total and marketable yield and yield for the first decade of fruiting hybrids F1 DB 96-18 / Phoenix, F1 DB 96-18 / RD 96 2-95, F1 SD 96-16 / Volume-18, F1 Volume / DB 96-18 had significant excess over the standard. High resistance to downy mildew (7 points) was noted. The dry matter content in fresh fruits varied in the range of 5,11-5,83 %, total sugar 2,40-2,95 %. According to this indicator, hybrids F1 DB 96-18 / Phoenix, F1 DB 96-18 / RD 96 2-95, F1 IvolD96 / DB 96-18, F1 SD 96-16 / Volume-18 were distinguished. The content of vitamin C is 9,57-14,17 mg/100 g. According to the results of the obtained data, a new hybrid F1 of cucumber – Sonnet F1, which was created by hybridization of the maternal line F1BD96-18 and the parent F1RD 96 2-95. Conclusions. In the nursery variety testing on economically valuable traits evaluated eight hybrids F1 gherkin type. The studied hybrids had a yield of 17,1-32,5 t/ha, five of them exceeded the Ajax F1 standard (19,0 t/ha) from 35 to 71 %. As a result of selection work, a new hybrid F1 cucumber Sonnet F1 was created, which was submitted for qualification examination to the State Service for the Protection of Rights to Varieties. The new hybrid with a total yield of 31,6 t/ha, commercial – 30,2 t/ha, exceeds 12,6 and 12,8 t/ha, respectively, the standard hybrid Ajax F1. The hybrid is recommended for growing in open ground in all areas of Ukraine. 

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Published
2021-01-14
How to Cite
Sergienko, O., Solodovnik, L., Garbovska, T., & Ilyinova, E. (2021). NEW BEE POLLITINATING HYBRID F1 GRERKIN-TIPE CUCUMBER FOR OPEN SOIL. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (68), 36-44. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2020-68-36-44

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