EVALUATION OF THE AFTER EFFECT OF MUTAGENIC FACTORS ON THE ECOLOGICAL STABILITY OF RADISH BREEDING MATERIAL ON THE MANIFESTATION OF THE SIGN “TOTAL YIELD OF ROOT”

  • O. P. Ovchinnikova Institute of Vegetables and Melon growing of NAAS of Ukraine
Keywords: radish, adaptability, stability, plasticity, selection value of genotype, yield, line

Abstract

The aim of the research. To determine the effect of the aftereffect of chemical mutagenic factors on the manifestation of valuable economic traits of radish Raphanus sativus L. and to identify genotypes with a high level of ecological stability among mutant samples in terms of "total root yield" for use in breeding as forms with high adaptability. Methods. Biometric, field, statistical. The following indicators were used to assess the parameters of adaptive capacity and ecological plasticity of mutant progeny: general and specific adaptive capacity of the genotype (GACi and SACi); relative stability (Sgi); coefficient of ecological plasticity (bi); breeding value of the genotype (BVGi). Results. Peculiarities of the effect of chemical mutagenesis on the genotype and phenotypic manifestation of quantitative traits of radish Raphanus sativus L. have been established.. The degree of influence of mutagenic substances on the manifestation of root yield depending on the type of chemical mutagen and its concentration during the treatment of the original seed material was determined. Differences in the yield of radish roots depending on the action of the mutagenic factor between the initial forms and the mutant genotypes derived from them were established. Based on the analysis of variance, breeding mutant samples with high adaptive capacity were identified according to the manifestation of the trait "Total root yield". Conclusions. The analysis of the aftereffects of chemical mutagens on the selection material of radish makes it possible to expand the boundaries of the phenotypic manifestation of both qualitative and quantitative parameters. The studied statistical indicators of adaptive ability make it possible to select high-yielding genotypes of radish for sowing in conditions of constant climate change.

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Published
2021-01-11
How to Cite
Ovchinnikova, O. (2021). EVALUATION OF THE AFTER EFFECT OF MUTAGENIC FACTORS ON THE ECOLOGICAL STABILITY OF RADISH BREEDING MATERIAL ON THE MANIFESTATION OF THE SIGN “TOTAL YIELD OF ROOT”. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (68), 16-21. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2020-68-88-16-21