ALLELOPATIC INTERACTION OF BEAN VEGETABLE (PHASEOLUS VULGARIS L.) WITH OTHER VEGETABLE PLANTS

  • T. M. Нarbovska Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
  • Yu. D. Zelendin Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
  • N. V. Chefonova Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
  • V. Yu. Honcharenko Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: vegetable beans, allelopathy, biologically active substances, seedling, germination, coumarin units

Abstract

In recent years, great interest allelopathy the relationship between plants due to the release of their physiologically active substances at the initial stage of ontogenesis. Studies performed at the Institute of vegetables and melon growing NAAS of Ukraine for 2013–2016. The aim of the explore the manifestation of allelopathic interaction bean vegetable (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with vegetable crops at the initial stages of ontogenesis. Methods. The study included laboratory conditions to determine allelopatic interaction of bean sprouts vegetable (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seedlings of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), cabbage panotile (Brassica oleracea L.), early potatoes (Solanum tuberosum), beet (Beta vulgaris) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) with the help of biological tests by the method of A. M. Grodzinsky. Results. The results of studies reported an increase in sprout length during sprouting seeds vegetable plants seed beans in 0,3 (cabbage panotile) to 1,77 cm (beet), than without it. The joint effect of germination on percentage of germination of vegetable crops to 10–14 % in comparison to the control (beans without germination), and the interaction of vegetable beans beets with dining area, the percentage of germination was on the level with the control (72 %). Activity was determined allelopathic active substances in bobrob expressed in units of coumarin in A. M. Grodzinsky that is in the range 104–200 UCO. Conclusions. Joint germination of seeds of bean and vegetable main vegetable cultures in the laboratory gives an opportunity at an early stage to evaluate its germination and interference of components, select varieties of crops to cultivate in a heterogeneous seeding with the purpose of formation of highly productive agritourism. It is established that allelopatic activity of biologically active substances in the seeds of beans vegetable have an impact on germination of the studied cultures, but the level of exposure was low (in the range of 105–200 UCO). Sensitive (tolerantie) to the action of biologically active substances beans were the vegetable crops – tomato, cabbage late cabbage, cucumber, potatoes early, tolerant beet.

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Published
2020-07-30
How to Cite
НarbovskaT., Zelendin, Y., Chefonova, N., & Honcharenko, V. (2020). ALLELOPATIC INTERACTION OF BEAN VEGETABLE (PHASEOLUS VULGARIS L.) WITH OTHER VEGETABLE PLANTS. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (67), 51-56. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2020-67-51-56

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