THE CHARACTERIZATIC OF GENOTYPES-INTRODUCED OF SWEET POTATOES (ІPOMOEA BATATAS L.) IN THE CONDITIONS OF GROWING AREA OF THE FOREST- STEPPE OF UKRAINE

  • T. V. Ivchenko Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
  • A. V. Mozgovska Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
  • N. A. Bashtan Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
  • T. M. Miroshnichenko Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
  • R. V. Krutko Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: selection, sweet potato, genotype, source material, productivity

Abstract

The aim. To develop effective breeding technology for creating highly competitive and valuable sweet potato varieties with high biochemical parameters and which will be adapted to the agro-climatic conditions of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Methods. Field, laboratory, statistical, phenological. Studies were conducted during 2017-2019 in the laboratory of genetics, genetic resources and biotechnology of the Institute of Vegetable and Melons growing of the NAAS in open ground. The source material was 13 collection samples of sweet potato. The plants carried out phenological observations and biometric measurements according to the descriptor. Results. The main scientific approaches to breeding and seed production with a promising niche culture of sweet potatoes were presented. Were analyzed the current directions of breeding work and the principles of selection of source material. As a result of research, promising sweet potato genotypes for cultivation in the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine were identified, their economically valuable characteristics were determined. They presented a scheme of the selection process and seed production using a biotechnological link at the stage of propagation of sweet potato genotypes (Ipomoea batatas L.). The highest yield of sweet potato tubers was obtained for the dessert genotype D-2 (111.92 t/ha), with a marketability of 87.8%. The table variety V-6 also had a high yield (86.48 t/ha), and the marketability of tubers was 80.6%. Thus, the developed technology for planting sweet potato cuttings made it possible to obtain tubers with high yield and marketability of 90%. According to the variant of specific adaptive ability (CAЗi), which is more informative, since it is takes into account the compensation effect, samples V-6 and D-2 had better stability. Cunclusions. In the conditions of the Eastern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine, 13 varieties of sweet potato of foreign selection were evaluated. Found that the genotypes were very different in length of the growing season, the onset of phenophases, productivity. It was proved by static calculations that the best ratio of average yield and ecological plasticity was observed for samples V-6 (86.48 t/ha, bi = 1.04) and D-2 (111.92 t/ha, bi = 1.08 ) Based on the results of scientific work, applications were received for obtaining the variety Slobozhanskij rubin (clone selection from genotype V-6), application number (№19662003) and variety Admiral (clone selection from genotype D-2), application number (№19662004).

References

Biologicheskiy entseklopedicheskiy slovar. [Biological Encyclopedic Dictionary]. — Moskva: Bolshaya sovetskaya entsiklopediya, 1986. [in Russian].

Bryan, A. D. (2003). Cultivar decline in sweetpotato: I. Impact of micropropagation on yield, storage root quality, and virus incidence in Beauregard. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. V. 128. Р. 846-855. [in English].

Christopher, A. (2012). Sweet potato viruses: 11 Year of Progress of Understanding and Managing Complex Diseases. Plant Diseases. V. 96. Р. 168–185. [in English].

Cruz, S. M., Nascimento, A. B. (2016). Mineral nutrition and yield of sweet potato according to phosphorus doses. Comunicata Scientiae. V. 7. P.183-191. [in English].

Dennien, S., Homare D. (2013). Growing healthy sweetpotato. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), Canberra, Australia. V. 23. P. 124-133. [in English].

Doliński, R. (2013). Micropropagation of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) from node explants. Acta Sci. Pol., Hortorum Cultus. V. 12 (4). P. 117–127. [in English].

FAO (2013). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: FAOSTAT, FAO, viewed 30 June 2013. [in English].

Fernandes, A. M.; Soratto, R. P.; Gonsales, J. R. (2014). Root morphology and phosphorus uptake by potato cultivars grown under deficient and sufficient phosphorus supply. Scientia Horticulturae. V.180. P.190-198. [in English].

Horova, T. K., Yakovenko S. I. (2001). Suchasni metody selektsii ovochevykh i bashtannykh kultur. [Modern methods of selection of vegetable and melon crops]. Kharkiv. 641 p. [in Ukrainian].

HOST 24556–89. (1989). Produktu pererabotky plodov i ovoshchei. Metodu opredelenyia vytamyna C. [Processing products of fruits and vegetables. Methods for determining vitamin C.]. Yzdatelstvo standartov. 18 p. [in Russian].

HOST 28561-90. (1990). Produktu pererabotky plodov i ovoshchei. Metodu opredelenyia sukhykh veshchestv y vlahy. [Products of processing fruits and vegetables. Methods for determination of solids and moisture]. Yzdatelstvo standartov. 17 p. [in Russian].

Huaman, Z. (1991). Descriptors for Sweet Potato. CIP/AVRDC/ IBPGR. P. 85–134. [in English].

Huang, J. C., Sun, M. (2000). Genetic diversity and relationships of sweetpotato and its wild relatives in Ipomoea series Batatas (Convolvulaceae) as revealed by inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and restriction analysis of chloroplast DNA. Theor Appl Genet. V. 100. P. 1050–1060. [in English].

Ivchenko, T.V., Mozghovska H.V. (2018). Metodychni pidkhody shchodo selektsii ta suchasnykh tekhnolohii rozmnozhennia i vyroshchuvannia batatu (Ipomoea batatas L.). [Methodical recommendations]. [Methodical approaches to selection and modern technologies of propagation and cultivation of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas L.)]. Selektsiine. IVM of NAAS. 36 p. [in Ukrainian].

Kokkinos, C. D. (2006). Interactions among Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus and different potyviruses and potyvirus strains infecting sweetpotato in the United States. Plant Diseas. V. 90. Р. 1347–1352. [in English].

Krochmal-Marczak, B., Sawicka, B. (2009). Efektywnosc uprawy Ipomoea batatas L. (Lam.) pod oslonami z folii polietylenowej i wlokniny polipropylenowej zakladanymi na plask. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Roln. V. 542. Р. 261–270. [in Poland].

Kylchevskyi, A. V. (1985). Metod otsenky adaptyvnoy sposobnosti i stabyl’nosti henotipov, differentsiruyushchey sposobnosti sredy. [Soobschenie I. Obosnovanie metoda]. [A method for assessing the adaptive ability and stability of genotypes, differentiating ability of the environment. [Communication I. Justification of the method]. Genetics. Т. XXI. V. 9. P. 1481-1489. [in Russian].

Lewthwaite, S. L., Fletcher, P. J. (2011). Cultivar decline in sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas). New Zealand Plant Protection. V. 64. P. 160-167. [in English].

Woolife, J. A. (2003). Sweet potato an untapped food resource. Nutrition report, 16-52-28. [in English].

Zosimo, H. (2012). Systematic Botany and Morphology of the Sweetpotato Plant. International Potato Center (CIPI). Lima, Peru. 45 р. [in English].

Published
2020-07-24
How to Cite
Ivchenko, T., Mozgovska, A., Bashtan, N., Miroshnichenko, T., & Krutko, R. (2020). THE CHARACTERIZATIC OF GENOTYPES-INTRODUCED OF SWEET POTATOES (ІPOMOEA BATATAS L.) IN THE CONDITIONS OF GROWING AREA OF THE FOREST- STEPPE OF UKRAINE. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (67), 6-12. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2020-67-6-12