INFLUENCE OF TERMS OF EXPIRATION AND EVERYWHERE EXPECTED ON PRODUCTIV-ITY TOMATILLO IN CONDITIONS OF THE RIGHT-BANK FOREST-STEPPE OF UKRAINE
The aim of the research. Determine the optimal timetables for planting of tomatillo in open soil on plant productivity to the conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-steppe of Ukraine. Methods. Field, laboratory-field, statistical. Results of research. During planting at different times with different ages of the seedlings, the yield of the tomatillo was variable and ranged from 27.7 t/ha to 33.4 t/ha. In the process of research, an increase in the yield of varieties of flashlight for planting seedlings in the first decade of May with the age of seedlings of 60 days has established. The given variety yielded at the level of 33.4 t/ha, which exceeded the yield control of 5.7 t/ha. The increase in fruit yields for this variety was also established for planting in the third decade of April with the seedlings age 60 days – 32.3 t/ha, but the increase to control was 4.6 t/ha. The Lewis stability coefficient ranged from 1.4 to 1.9. Lower it ware observed in the class of flashlight in the first ten days of May for the use of 60-day seedlings – 1.4. Analyzing the dependence of the weight of the fetus on the yield of tomatillo, it was found that the correlation coefficient r = 0.70-0.99. Conclusions. For cultivating the tomatillo and planting plants in the third decade of April, with a 60-day-old seedlings, the height of the plant can be increased to 112.6 cm. The larger leaf area of 96.6 thousand m2/ha is characterized by a tomatillo lantern for planting seedlings in the III decade of April with a seedlings of 60 days. With the highest content, dry matter in the leaves ware characterized by the variety of tomatillo for planting in ІІІ decade of April with the age of seedlings 60 days. The largest number of fruits form plants of the class Flashlight, planted in the first decade of May. The variety tomatillo is characterized by a greater weight and diameter of the fruit, its weight can be increased to 8.5 g, and the diameter to 3.1 cm for planting the seedlings in the III decade of April with the age of seedlings of 60 days. A bigger overall yield is characterized by the type of Flashlight for planting seedlings in the age of 60 days in and in the decade of May – 33.4 t/ha, and high commodity – 84.1 %. Applying the age of seedlings of 40-50 days for plant tomatillo does not contribute to the high productivity of the plant.
Barabash, O. Yu., Semenchuk, P. S. (2000). Vse pro horodnytstvo. [All about gardening]. Kyiv: Vyrii. 285 p. [in Ukrainian].
Baranova, N. A. (2000). 1000+1 sovet ovoshchevodu. [1000 + 1 council of vegetable oil]. Mynsk: Sovremennyi lyterator. 448 p. [in Rus-sian].
Bell, N., Detweiler, A., Noordijk, H., Bubl, C. (2015). Tomatillos. Grow your own. № 9. P. 1–14.
Belov, N. V. (2003). 10000 sovetov ohorod-nyku. [10.000 tips for a gardener]. Mynsk: Sovre-mennyi lyterator. 544 p. [in Russian].
Belov, N. V. (2007). Knyha ohorodnyka. Samye sovremennye tekhnolohyy dlia polucheniya ekolo-hychesky chystykh produktov. [The most up-to-date technologies for the production of environ-mentally friendly products]. Mynsk: Kharvest. 320 p. [in Russian].
Bolotskykh, A. S. (2003). Pomydory. [Toma-toes]. Kharkov: Folyo. 318 p. [in Russian].
Bolotskykh, A. S. (2005). Entsyklopedyia ovoshchevoda. [Encyclopedia of vegetable oil]. Kharkov: Folyo. 799 p. [in Russian].
Bolotskykh, A. S. (2005). Nastolnaia knyha ovoshchevoda. [A vegetable oil pill]. Kharkov: Folyo. 2005. 487 p. [in Russian].
Bondarenko, H. L., Yakovenko, K. I. (2001). Metodyka doslidnoi spravy v ovochivnytstvi i bashtannytstvi. [Methodology of experimental work in vegetable and melon]. Kharkiv: Osnova. 369 p. [in Ukrainian].
Brown, D. (2007) Botany. Tomatillo: The “Other“ Tomato. № 11. P. 1–15.
Hanychkyna, O. A., Hanychkyn, A. V. (2009). Vsie ob ovoshchakh. [All about vegetables]. Moskva. 208 p. [in Russian].
Hernandez, S. (2003). Tomatillo, husk-tomato (Physalis philadelphica). Neglected crops. № 26. P. 1–5.
Horokhov, V. (2004). Sovremennaia entsyk-lopedyia sad i ohorod: 1000 zamechatelnykh sove-tov sadovodu i ohorodnyku. [Modern encyclopedia of garden and garden: 1000 wonderful tips for gardeners and gardeners]. Donetsk: TOV VKF “BAO“. 608 p. [in Russian].
Ludylov, V. A., Yvanova, M. Y. (2010). Vsye ob ovoshchakh: polnyi spravochnyk. [All about vegetables: a complete guide]. Moskva, 2010.
s. [in Russian].
Lushchyts, T. E. (2007). Vash sad i ohorod. [Your garden and garden]. Mynsk: Knyzhnyi dom. 800 p. [in Russian].
Mierzejewski, K. (2016). Growing Tomatillo Plants In Your Garden. Gardening Know How. № 7. P. 1–5.
Nehayyan, B. (2007). Growing Tomatillos. Growing Vegetables & Useful UAE Climate In-formation. P. 1–4.
Parshykova, T. V. (2010). Fiziolohiia roslyn. [Plant physiology]. Luts’k: Teren. 420 p. [in Ukrainian].
Polutin, O. O. (2017). Vplyv peredposivnoi obrobky nasinnia na biometrychni pokaznyky fizalisa meksykanskoho v umovakh Pravoberezhnoho Lisostepu Ukrainy. [Influence of pre-seed treatment of seeds on biometric indices of the Mexican physalis in conditions of the Right Bank Forest-steppe of Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Ukrainskoho naukovo-doslidnoho instytutu prohnozuvannia ta vyprobuvannia tekhniky i tekhnolohii dlia silskoho vyrobnytstva imeni Leonida Pohoriloho. Ser. Tekhniko-tekhnolohichni aspekty rozvytku ta vyprobuvannia novoi tekhniky i tekhnolohii dlia silskoho hospodarstva Ukrainy. Vyp. 21. № 35. P. 293–297. [in Ukrainian].
Ulianych, O. I. (2018). Biolohichni osoblyvosti i vyroshchuvannia maloposhyrenykh ovochiv. [Biological features and growing of uncomplicated vegetables]. Uman: Vydavets “Sochinskyi M. M.“. 282 p. [in Ukrainian].