THE INTENSITY OF THE BREATH OF BRUSSELS SPROUTS DURING STORAGE, DEPENDING ON THE TYPE OF PACKAGING

  • L. M. Pusik Kharkiv National Technical University of Agriculture nd. a Petro Vasylenko
  • V. A. Bondarenko Kharkiv National Technical University of Agriculture nd. a Petro Vasylenko
Keywords: Brussels sprouts, the intensity of breathing, catalase, packaging, the duration of storage

Abstract

The aim of researchers. The conducted researches were aim at the scientific substantiation of the influence of weather conditions of the growing season of Brussels sprout, the type of packaging on the intensity of breathing during storage. Methods. General science: 1. Method of hypotheses – compilation of experimental schemes; 2. Method of experiment – schemes of field and laboratory experiments; 3. The method of analysis and synthesis – the formation of conclusions and generalizations, calculation and analytical. Results. It ware found that the intensity of respiration depended on the weather conditions in which the formation of heads occurred. The use of a polyethylene film and a stretch film made it possible to reduce the intensity of breathing and to prolong the shelf life of the product, because the packaging held off carbon dioxide released during the breath at the head and is a natural preservative. The intensity of breathing correlates with the loss of cabbage during storage. The correlation coefficient of mass loss from the breathing intensity for the hybrid F1 Abakus r = –0.6425 ± 0.351, for the Brilliant F1 r = –0.7732 ± 0.135. The regression equation, representation of loss of mass of heads of Brussels cabbage with the intensity of breath packed in PP and 05, kg of joint ventures was developed. It ware established that the best describes the experimental data of the dependence of mass loss during the storage of cabbage when packaged in PP and 0.5 kg in a stretch film of a 2-order polynomial. The value of reliability is R2 = 0,962 – 0,978. Then, when the linear dependence of R2 = 0.369 – 0.618. Conclusions. In studies, the intensity of breath of Brussels cabbage at the beginning of st orage during the years of research varied in the heads of the hybrid F1 Abakus within 14.5–15.4 mg CO2/kg in hour. In hybrid F1 Brilliant – 13.4–14.2 and higher at the heads the harvest of 2014 is 15.4 and 14.2 mg CO2/kg in year, respectively, since the pre-harvest period was characterized by elevated temperature and humidity. On average, over the years, the intensity of respiration of Abakus F1 heads was 15.0 mg CO2/kg in hour, while in the Brilliant F1 it was significantly lower: 13.8 mg CO2/kg in hour. The activity of catalase depends on the weather conditions of the growing season. The greater activity of cabbage heads of cabbage in Brussels at the beginning of storage was in the hybrid Abacus F1: on average, in 2012–2016, 2.0 ml of O2 for 3 minutes; in Brilliant F1 20% less. The use of polyethylene film reduces the intensity of the breath of Brussels sprouts in the middle of storage by 29–30% (30 days); when packing on 1 kg in bags of the same film – by 70–75% (40 days); when packed in a stretch film of 0.5 kg – 75–78% (40 days) depending on the hybrid. At the end of storage (50–70 days), the intensity of respiration increases by 17–42% relative to the middle, depending on the type of packaging and the hybrid. The use of polyethylene liners reduces the activity of catalase in 3.2–3.3 times, packing of heads of 1 kg in packages of polyethylene film – in 2.3–2.5 times, and packing by 0.5 kg in a stretch film – in 1.6–1.7 times depending on the hybrid.

References

Barabash, O.Yu., Dydiv, O.Y., Leshchuk. N.V. (2008). Dohliad za ovochevymy kulturamy [Vegetable care]. Natsionalnyi ahrarnyi un-t, nauk.-navch. in-t roslynnytstva ta gruntoznavstva, VSP NAU «Berezhanskyi ahrotekhnichnyi in-t». Kyiv: Berezhany, 122 s. Kapusta biloholova. Kyiv: Znannia Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].

Dzheneyev, S.,YU. i dr. (1998). Metodicheskiye rekomendatsii po khraneniyu plodov, ovoshchey i vinograda (organizatsiya i provedeniye issledovaniy) [Methodical recommendations on the storage of fruits, vegetables and grapes (organization and conduct of research)]: pod red. S. YU. Dzheneyeva i V.I. Ivanchenko. Yalta: Institut vinograda i vina “Magarach”, 152 p.[in Russiun].

DSTU ISO 874-2002. Frukty i ovochi svizhi. Vidbyrannya prob [Fruits and vegetables are fresh. Sample selection.]. Kyiv, 2003. 9 p. [in Ukrainian].

Ermakov A.I. i dr. (1987). Metody biohimicheskogo issledovaniya rastenij [Methods of biochemical research of plants]: pod red. A. I. Ermakova. Izd. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. Leningrad: Agropromizdat. Leningr. otd-nie, pp. 38–39 [in Russiun].

Irtwange, S.V. (2006). Application of modified atmosphere packaging and related technology in postharvest handling of fresh fruits and vegetables // Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal, Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Simon_Irtwange/publication/228878406_Application_of_Modified_Atmosphere_Packaging_and_Related_Technology_in_Postharvest_Handling_of_Fresh_Fruits_and_Vegetables/links/54b642420cf28ebe92e7c0fd.pdf [in English].

Jia, C.G., Xu, C.J., Wei, J., Yuan J., Yuan, G.F., Wang, B.L., Wang, Q.M. (2009). Effect of modified atmosphere packaging on visual quality and glucosinolates of broccoli florets // Journal Food Chemistry. Vol. 114. pp. 28–37 [in English].

Hu, W., Jiang, A., Qi, H., Pang, K., Fan, S. (2007). Effects of initial low oxygen and perforated film package on quality of freshcut cabbages // Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Vol. 87. № 11. pp. 2019–2025 [in English].

Khareba, V.V. (2001). Intensyvnist dykhannia ta teplovolohovydilennia kapusty biloholovoi pry zberihanni [The intensity of respiration, heat and moisture release of white cabbage during storage] // Ovochivnytstvo i bashtannytstvo: mizhvid. temat. nauk. zb. NAANU, IOB. Kharkiv. № 46. pp. 226–229 [in Ukrainian].

Koltunov, V.A. (2004). Yakist plodoovochevoi produktsii ta yii tekhnolohiia zberihannia [Fruit and vegetable quality and storage technology] Pt. 1: Yakist ta zberezhennia kartopli ta ovochiv : мonohrafiia. Kyiv: KNTEU [in Ukrainian].

Koltunov, V.A., Serdiuk, T.L., Ternova, T.A., Vitanova, O.D. (2004). Zberihannia ta pererobka kapusty briusselskoi [Storage and processing of Brussels cabbage] // Ovochivnytstvo i bashtannytstvo: mizhvid. temat. nauk. zb. NAANU, IOB. Kharkiv, № 49. pp. 194–199 [in Ukrainian].

Naichenko, V.M., Zamorska, I.L. (2010). Tekhnolohiia zberihannia i pererobky plodiv ta ovochiv [Technology of storage and processing of fruits and vegetables]: navch. posib. Uman: Sochinskyi [in Ukrainian].

Pusik, L.M., Hordiienko, I.M. (2011). Tekhnolohiia zberihannia plodiv, ovochiv ta vynohradu [Technology storage of fruits, vegetables and grapes]: navch. posibnyk / KhNAU im. V.V. Dokuchaieva. Kharkiv: Maidan [in Ukrainian].

Pusik, L.M., Koltunov, V.A., Romanov, A.V., Bondarenko, V.A. (2015) Kapustyani ovochi. Tekhnolohiya vyroshchuvannya i zberihannya. [Cabbage vegetables. The technology of growing and storage]. Monohrafiya Kharkiv, FOP Ivanchenko [in Ukrainian].

Rangkadilok N., Tomkins B., Nicolas M.E., Premier R.R., Bennett R.N., Eagling D.R., Taylor P.W.J. (2002). The Effect of Post-Harvest and Packaging Treatments on Glucoraphanin Concentration in Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) // Journal Agriculture and Food Chemistry. № 50. pp. 7386–7391 [in English].

Rubin B.A. (1996). Kurs fiziologii rasteniy: uchebnik [The course of plant physiology]. Izd. 4-ye izd., pererab. i dop. Moskva: Vyssh. shk., 576 p. [ in Russiun].

Smetanska I., Khiuskens-Kail S. (2004). Pisliazbyralna fiziolohiia ta tekhnolohiia zberihannia plodoovochevoi produktsii [Post harvest physiology and storage technology for fruits and vegetables] / Universytet im. Humboldta, Nats. ahrar. un-t Ukrainy, Spilnyi yevropeiskyi proekt Tempus Tacis. Kyiv: NAUU. 150 s [in Ukrainian].

http://www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgibin/irbis_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe?Z21ID=&I21DBN=EC&P21DBN=EC&S21STN=1&S21REF=10&S21FMT=fullwebr&C21COM=S&S21CNR=20&S21P01=0&S21P02=0&S21P03=M=&S21COLORTERMS=0&S21STR=

Syryi M. M., Kulieshov M. M., Hadzhyieva N. M. (2006). Biokhimiia roslyn: navch. posibnyk. [Plant biochemistry]. KhNAU im. V.V. Dokuchaieva. Kharkiv, pp. 103–104 [in Ukrainian].

Tekhnichni umovy: DSTU 1915-91. Kapusta briusselska svizha [Cabbage Brussels fresh]. Kyiv, 1992. 5 s. [in Ukrainian].

Published
2019-07-31
How to Cite
Pusik, L., & Bondarenko, V. (2019). THE INTENSITY OF THE BREATH OF BRUSSELS SPROUTS DURING STORAGE, DEPENDING ON THE TYPE OF PACKAGING. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (65), 84-92. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2019-65-84-92