TREATMENT OF TABLE BEET ON DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGIES IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE FOREST REGION OF THE RIGHTBRIGHT OF UKRAINE

  • S. A. Vdovenko Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Keywords: table beet, growing technology, dose, biometry, weight, root, yield

Abstract

The aim of the research was to compare the efficiency of the integrated use of biologics and their dosage for growing table beet in open soil conditions to existing intensive cultivation technology. Methods. Scheme of trial options, where the recommended and double dose of bio preparations of BTU-Center (Ukraine) ware applied. Control - the technology of growing beet on intensive technology, which is r ecommend for the area. Seeds of two varieties of table beet Chervona kulia and Nosivskyi ploskyi in the first ten days of May under a row-seeding scheme of 45 cm. During the experiment, commonly used methods. There are: field and laboratory-field. They were used to monitor the processes of growth, development and production of products; the method of synthesis for the formation of conclusions, statistical analysis - the establishment of the effectiveness of the technology of cultivation. Results. The use of organic beet cultivation technology and the use of the recommended dose of bio preparations extends the vegetative period of 2-3 days by variety Chervona kulia and Nosivskyi ploskyi. The use of such technology in open soil positively influenced the biometric indices of the plant, where the number of leaves increased from the recommended dose to 25 units per plant, and at a double dose - up to 26 units per plant. At the same time, the recommended dose of bio preparations increased the leaf length to 17 cm, during the cultivation of the Chervona kulia, leaf width increased by 12-25%, and for the growth of the variety Nosivskyi ploskyi - by 11%. In addition, the recommended or double dose of bio preparations of the BTU-Center increased the mass of root crops to 212.9-220.8 g and positively influenced the length of the root crop of the Chervona kulia. Organic beet cultivation, based on the recommended dose of bio preparations, increased the diameter of the root crop to 8.1-8.4 cm in the Nosivskyi ploskyi and Chervona kulia. Conclusions. In order to obtain high and stable crop yields of table beetroots during the cultivation of the varieties Chervona kulia and Nosivskyi ploskyi, it is advisable to use organic cultivation technology using the bio-drugs of BTU-Center. Bacteria, which are part of the drugs in a timely manner provide the plant nutrients, affect the growth and formation of standard roots, and reduce the number of pathogenic micro flora and pests. The recommended dose and the number of bacteria or their double increase contribute to the formation of technical maturity of the food body, the accumulation of nutrients and the formation of high yields. The cultivation of table beet for organic technology and the use of recommended doses of bio preparations contributes to increasing yields to 40.1 tons/ha of the Nosivskyi ploskyi and up to 42.2 tons/ha of the Chervona kulia. The use of a double dose of biological agents contributes to an increase in yields to 38.0-39.4 t/ha, which increases the yield of root crops of beet only by 10-13%. 

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Published
2019-07-30
How to Cite
Vdovenko, S. (2019). TREATMENT OF TABLE BEET ON DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGIES IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE FOREST REGION OF THE RIGHTBRIGHT OF UKRAINE. Vegetable and Melon Growing, (65), 23-31. https://doi.org/10.32717/0131-0062-2019-65-23-31